THE MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN


The history of the Ministry

In history of our diplomacy, which has taken important place in world policy for the millenniums, the era of People's Republic of Azerbaijan of 1918-1920, when our people was changed to NATION OF STATE for the first time in XX century, is specially important. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) established during these years has been written with golden letters in our history by implementing independent foreign policy of our state. Mammadhasan Hajinsky, Alimerdan bey Topchubashov, Fatali khan Khoysky, Mammadyusif Jafarov, who led Azerbaijan diplomacy in time of Republic, took worthy place in the history and great statesmen and diplomats.

After our Homeland was occupied and state independence was lost as a result of aggression that People's Republic of Azerbaijan underwent by Bolshevik Russia in April of 1920, Ministry of Foreign Affairs was abolished and Azerbaijan SSR People's Foreign Affairs Commissariat (PFAC) was established in its place. People's Foreign Affairs Commissariat, even if it did not have so serious authorities, implemented certain bilateral ties in foreign countries in 1920-1922. In the first years of soviet power foreign affairs commissioners of people of Azerbaijan were Nariman Narimanov and Mirzadavud Huseynov. But PFAC was abolished in short time. Independent foreign policy of Azerbaijan was fully stopped after creation of USSR. Only in international circumstance created towards the end of World War II, soviet government restored Azerbaijan SSR PFAC in 1944 according to its interests. Since 1946 PFAC was changed to Ministry of Foreign Affairs. But MFA still had not serious authorities. Beginning from this period foreign policy department of Azerbaijan was led by Mahmud Aliyev, Tahira Tahirova, Elmira Gafarova, Huseynaga Sadigov (as well during seven months of state independence). Despite all its complicated and paradoxical features, there is no doubt that in soviet time, which was one of interesting parts of our history, Azerbaijan took part in international relations of country in certain extent due to central authorities. International relations that started to develop since the mid of the 50s were very wide in the 1970-1980s in comparison with previous years.

As a result of long-term fight conducted against soviet regime in different forms and effective conditions created in international scene during the later 1980s - the early 1990s, Azerbaijani people restored its state independence for the second time in XX century and started to establish bilateral and multilateral relations. Our state independence was recognized by majority of the states and diplomatic relations were created. Azerbaijan became member or one of founders of international and regional organizations. During independence years foreign affairs ministers of Azerbaijan Republic were Tofig Gasimov, Hasan Hasanov, Tofig Zulfugarov and Vilayat Guliyev.

Duties of the Ministry

The duties of the ministry are:

2.1. To work out the propositions on the conception and the main directions of the foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

2.2. Implementation of the foreign policy f the Republic of Azerbaijan;

2.3. To work out to present the president propositions on mutually agreed activity of state organs in the sphere of the foreign policy and of the republic of Azerbaijan;

2.4. To inform the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan about state organs foreign policy activity on the different directions;

2.5. To provide the sovereignty, security, the territorial integrity and inviolability of the borders of the Republic of Azerbaijan, its political, economical and other social interests by diplomatic means;

2.6. To support abroad the rights and the interests of the Republic of Azerbaijan, its citizens and legal enterprises;

2.7. To provide diplomatic and consul relations of the Republic of Azerbaijan with other states and the international organisations;

2.8. To provide the state protocol of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

2.9. To provide the implementation of unique foreign policy of the republic of Azerbaijan in the relation with foreign states and the international organizations to relate the activity of other executive organs;

2.10. To coordinate the international political, economic, scientific-technical, cultural, humanitarian relations and diplomatic support of the Republic of Azerbaijan and its separate state organs;

To form positive international image about the Republic.

Functions of the Ministry

According to the duties determined by the Statue, the Ministry implements the following functions:

-to represent the Republic of Azerbaijan in the relationship with the other states and international organisations;

-to head the unique system of diplomatic service organs of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

-to spread through diplomatic representation the information about the internal and the external policy, social and cultural life of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- on the basis of the investigation of the information on the complex of bilateral, multilateral and international problems to work out the propositions on the relationship of the Republic of Azerbaijan with foreign countries and the international organisations and in an appropriate form to present the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- To work out the projects of the international contracts of the Republic of Azerbaijan, also propositions on conclusion, implementation, liquidation and cease of effectiveness of the contracts and in an appropriate form to present the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan for the examination;

- To carry the negotiations with foreign countries and the international organisations;

- To implement general supervision over the implementation of the international contracts of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to participate in preparation of the propositions about fitting of the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan to its international legal obligations;

- To provide the rights and freedoms and security of the citizen of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to work out the policy and concrete measures on extension of commercial-economical and financial relations and the scientific-technical, cultural and other interchanges between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the foreign countries, also the international organisations;

- To implement by diplomatic means the initiatives of the Republic of Azerbaijan on supply of the international peace and security;

- To provide the participation of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the activity of the international organisations, conferences and forums, to increase the role of the Republic of Azerbaijan in solution of global and regional international problems as a member of the international union;

- To provide condition necessary for the activity of the central apparatus, the diplomatic representations and subordinating organisations, to present in the appropriate form to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan the propositions on organizing, financial and other matters of their activity;

- to provide spread of the information abroad about foreign and internal policy, social, economical, cultural and moral life of the country by means of diplomatic representations of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to give the permission to the executive organs to spread the information on the tack of foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to inform the state organs of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the mass media with the international position and foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to work out propositions on perfection of the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the sphere of the foreign policy and the international relations and to fit its legislation to the international legal obligations of the Republic of Azerbaijan and to present the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to provide the protocol of intergovernmental interchange on high state and governmental levels, to control the provision of diplomatic and consul privileges and immunities;

- to help in implementation the inter-parliamentary and other foreign relations of Milli Mejlis (the National Assembly) of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to assist the state organs in the relations with the accredited diplomatic and consul representatives in the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to assist the state organs in the relations with the foreign state organs and officials and the international organizations;

- to provide the activity of the unique state system of registration and storage of the international contracts supported by the Republic of Azerbaijan and to provide publication of their collections;

- to implement the function of the depositary of the international contracts concluded by the Republic of Azerbaijan, to provide regular storage of the originals of the international contracts (confirmed copies, official translations) and archive materials on the foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, also the registration and use of the documents regularly stored in the Ministry;

- within its authorities to supply the central apparatus, diplomatic representations, subordinated organisations with the personnel, to train, to re-train and to perfect diplomatic service staff;

- to organise consul activity in the Republic of Azerbaijan and abroad;

- to assist in the development of the relations and the cooperation with countrymen living abroad;

- in the determined way to legalize the documents on the passport and the visa;

- to provide the realization of diplomatic- messenger relationship;

- to present the propositions on matters of the citizenship within its powers to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- within its powers to determine the order of the presentation of the diplomatic rank;

- to implement sound establishment and re-establishment of the organisations under its disposal and the diplomatic representations in the territory and abroad of the Republic of Azerbaijan, to implement centralised financing of the diplomatic representations and material-technical support;

- to participate in organisation of the international conferences, congresses, assemblies and other governmental ceremonies and measures;

- to organise and carry out foreign visits of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the public officials;

- to organise and carry out the visits of the heads and the public officials of the foreign states to the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to carry out other functions assigned to the Ministry by the legislation of the republic of Azerbaijan.

Rights of the Ministry

To carry out its duties and the functions the Ministry has the following rights:

- within its powers to require in an appropriate way the reference and information from the central and local executive organs, the municipal organs and legal enterprises;

- to control over the accordance of the inter-official and (inter-governmental) international projects of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the international legal regulations and the interests of the republic of Azerbaijan;

- to adopt the decisions within its powers the implementation of which is obligatory for the central and local executive organs, the municipal organs, individuals and legal enterprises of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to establish, re-establish and liquidate definite organisations under the Ministry determined by the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to present the propositions on the preparation of the acts of law on the institutions of the foreign policy and diplomatic service to be viewed in an appropriate form by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to attract the state organs, the enterprises and organisations of the republic, scientific institutions, foreign scientists and professionals, the international and foreign scientific-research, economical, financial, auditor and other institutions with the purpose to consult on the investigation and settlement of the problems in the sphere of the foreign relations;

- to establish special working groups with the participation of the state organs, offices, enterprises, organisations and social associations and to hold meetings relating to the international relations of the Republic of Azerbaijan;

- to organise courses for improvement of professional skills and training courses;

- to implement other rights presupposed by the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Address of the Ministry

Azerbaijan, Baku, AZ 1009, Shikhali Gurbanov str. 4
Tel: +994 (12) 492 96 92
Fax: +994 (12) 498 84 80
E-mail: secretariat@mfa.gov.az
Web site: www.mfa.gov.az
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