THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS


The History of the Ministry

The Ministry of Internal Affairs was established within the national government of the Democratic republic of Azerbaijan which declared its independence on May 28, 1918. During the period of its operation in 1918-1920 the Ministry and police incorporated in its structure made a great contribution to the formation of the Azeri state the protection of national interests and independence.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs which acted under the jurisdiction of the Union Ministry of Internal Affairs after the overthrow of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan on April 27, 1920 was of a class character in accordance with the socialist regime. Yet despite that, the bodies of internal affairs of Azerbaijan obtained great experience in the combat with crime and protection of social rules and security, high knowledge and vocational training and stood bravely for the stability in the country and strengthened its structure.

During the war against fascism of 1941-1945 nearly 800 people of Azeri police fought bravely and were presented orders and awards for their courage and heroism.

Since the initiation of the Armenian-Azeri conflict the bodies of internal affairs and Internal Troops lost 932 officials and 681 became invalids in the fight for the independence and the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan.

Due to the courage displayed in the fight for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the provision of the security of peaceful residents, the combat with crime, special contribution to the protection of the social rules and social security, 66 officials of the internal bodies were attached the tile of the National Hero of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 86 officials were presented the order "The Flag of Azerbaijan", 247 officials were conferred with different orders and awards by the Orders and Decrees of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

After the adoption of the Constitutional Act "On the State independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan" of October 18, 1991 the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan separated from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of former USSR and started operating as an independent Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

The Republic of Azerbaijan joined the International Criminal Police -Interpol in 1992 and the National Central Bureau of Interpol was established within the Ministry of Internal Affairs on November 24 of the same year.

The Police Academy under the Ministry of Internal Affairs was established on the basis of the Secondary Militia School of Baku after N.Rizayev by the resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of June 9, 1992 and the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of May 23, 1992 to meet the demand for the highly educated specialists in the internal bodies

The structure and regulation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were confirmed by the order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of June 30, 2001.

The Department for Internal Security was established within the Ministry by the order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of June 30, 2004 to carry out the inner control of the activity of the internal bodies, including the study and control over the state of security within the bodies and its sections, prevention of the activity not corresponding to the service and other negative cases and for provision of measures against the officials creating conditions for corruption and corruption crimes.

The Department for Combat with Human Trafficking was established within the Department of Combat with Organized Crime under the Ministry in 2004 in accordance with the national plan of actions for the combat against human trafficking, approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on May 6, 2004.

The structure of the Ministry

The structure of the central bureau of the Ministry confirmed by the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan incorporates the following sections fulfilling the functions ascribed to the duties of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan:

The secretariat
The head steering department
Orderly divisions control department (it has regulatory functions)
The Head Investigation Department
The Head Inquiry Department
The Head Department for Combat with Organized Crime
The Department for Struggle against drugs
The Department for Internal Security
The Department for Criminality Investigations
The Head Department for Statistic and Operative Information
The Head Department for Social Security
The Head Department for Internal Troops
The head Transport Police Department
The head department for Road Police
The Head Department for Fire Security
The Head Department for Defense
The Department for Registration and Passport
The National Central Bureau of Interpol
The Head Department for Human Resources
The Department for Internal Investigation
The Department for Work with the Personnel
The Department for International Cooperation
The Department for Communication
The Press Service
The Department for Financial Planning
The Provision Department
The Medical Department
The commandant service
The Department for Fundamental Construction
Sport society
The Department for Mobilization and Civil Defense

Educational institutions

Police Academy

The Polis Academy as a school training militia and commander specialists was established by the resolution of the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1921. The school operated in Baku till 1936 and on the same year it was moved to Mardaken district of Baku. The Militia School of Baku was transformed into the Secondary Special Militia School of Baku of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs in 1957. The school graduates were presented the diplomas of the secondary lawyers. The education lasts for two years in the school.

The school trained specialists for Georgia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnodar, Kuybichev, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo, Saratov and tens of other cities and countries in 1957-1961.

The attention paid to the militia bodies by the late Heydar Aliyev in the 1970-1980s and during his term of service developed the material and technical basis of the Secondary Militia School of Baku, the level of specialists it bred and it rose up to the level of the Academy. The Police Academy was established on the basis of the Special Secondary Militia School of Baku by Order No 782 of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of May 23, 1992 and resolution No 321 of the Cabinet of Ministers of June 9, 1992. The Academy was attached the first-rate category within a shortest period of time.

International Relations

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan maintains close cooperation with the international and regional organizations as well as with the due remedial bodies of a number of foreign countries. These organizations are primarily the United Nations Organization, European Union, The Organization of Security of Cooperation in Europe, European Council, International Organization for Migration, and International Organization of the Red Cross. The Ministry of Internal Affairs permanently conducts seminars, training courses, experience exchange and work meetings in frames of this cooperation. The meetings between the delegations of international organizations in our country, their representatives in Azerbaijan as well as diplomatic corps of the foreign countries accredited in Azerbaijan are initiated by the leadership of the Ministry.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs also cooperates with such international organizations as the Black Sea Organization for Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Economic Cooperation, GUAM and the Initiative of Cooperation in the Southeastern Europe. The Republic of Azerbaijan is the member of the International Police Organization-Interpol, the Central National Bureau of the said organization operates in our country. The Ministry of Internal Affairs also maintains fruitful cooperation with the legislative bodies of the CIS states including the Ministers of Internal Affairs.

The Ministry participates in almost all the multilateral international legal acts concluded within the CIS. These international legal acts regulate the relations between the Ministries of Internal Affairs in the sphere of transnational organized crime, international terrorism, and illegal drug and arms trafficking, other types of crimes, as well as criminal investigations and information exchange. At the same time the Ministry cooperates with the due structures of Turkey, China, Bulgaria, Iran, Romania, Pakistan, Austria, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia in the struggle with crime on the basis of bilateral agreements. The relations with the due structures of Greece, France, Italy, United Arabic Emirates, Saudi Arabia and other counties are in process of establishing.

The officials of the Ministry of Internal Affairs take part in the training courses conducted in USA, Turkey, Greece, France and China.

The cooperation with international organizations and remedial bodies of foreign countries is carried out through the official or working visit of the leadership of the Ministry and their participation in different international arrangements.

The address of the Ministry

AZ 1001, 7 Azerbaijan ave.
Tel: (99412) 492 66 23;
Fax: (99412) 492 45 90
Web site: www.mia.gov.az
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