JUDICIAL POWER JUDICIAL POWER

According to Constitution of Azerbaijan, Judicial system of Azerbaijan Republic is consisted of all the courts acting in the Republic and united under the sole duties, organizational and activity principles of the judicial power. Structure of the judicial system of Azerbaijan Republic has been determined by Law dated from 10 June 1997 of Azerbaijan Republic 'On courts and judges'.

Judicial power of the Azerbaijan Republic is exercised only by courts through fair judgment. Judicial power of the Azerbaijan Republic rests on the Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic, Supreme Court of the Azerbaijan Republic, the Court of Appeal of the Azerbaijan Republic, common courts of the Azerbaijan Republic and other specialized courts of the country.

Judicial power is exercised through civil and criminal courts and by other means determined by the law. Citizens of the Azerbaijan Republic at least 30 years of age, eligible to vote, having higher legal education and at least five years of work as a lawyer may be appointed the judge. Judges are independent and adhere only to the Constitution and the laws of the Azerbaijan Republic and not to be replaced through their term.

The Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic consists of nine judges, appointed by the Milli Majlis on introduction of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic. The judges of the Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic are appointed by the Milli Majlis on introduction of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic. The Constitutional Court has a power to examine the conformity of laws of the Azerbaijan Republic, decrees and orders of the President of the Azerbaijan Republic, resolutions of Milli Majlis, legal acts of executive bodies to the Constitution of the Azerbaijan Republic. Moreover, the Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic controls the activity of different state bodies and officials.

The Constitutional Court settles problems related to power separation between executive and judiciary powers. The resolutions of the Constitutional Court of the Azerbaijan Republic are mandatory on the territory of Azerbaijan. The Supreme Court deals with criminal and other cases, while the Economic Court tries cases of economic conflicts.